Posts tagged systemd

firewall with systemd file
posted on 2016-09-14 00:38

Some while ago I created a firewall script here, but this was prior to systemd. Now here's an update on how to fix this. First the unit-file, then the firewallscript in fullquote again.


apt install -y libnetfilter-conntrack3 libnfnetlink0
echo "net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_acct=1" >> /etc/sysctl.d/iptables.conntrack.accounting.conf

systemd unit file


Description=Do some Firewalling.


ExecStart=/usr/sbin/firewall start
ExecStop=/usr/sbin/firewall stop




# aliasing
IPTABLES=$(which iptables)
# set IF to work on

# load kernel modules
modprobe ip_conntrack
modprobe ip_conntrack_ftp

case "$1" in

        echo 60 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_fin_timeout
        echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_ecn

        echo -n "Starting stateful paket inspection firewall... "

        # delete/flush old/existing chains
        $IPTABLES -F
        # delete undefined chains
        $IPTABLES -X

        # create default chains

        # create log-drop chain

        # set default chain-actions, accept all outgoing traffic per default

        # make NAT Pinning impossible
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -p udp --dport 6667 -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 6667 -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -p tcp --sport 6667 -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -p udp --sport 6667 -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 6667 -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p udp --dport 6667 -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p tcp --sport 6667 -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -p udp --sport 6667 -j LOGDROP

        # drop invalids
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j LOGDROP

        # allow NTP and established connections
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -p udp --dport 123 -j ACCEPT
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT

        # pings are allowed
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type 8 -m conntrack --state NEW -j ACCEPT

        # drop not routable networks
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $I -s -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $I -s -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $I -s -j LOGDROP
        #$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $I -s -j LOGDROP
        #$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $I -s -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -s  ! -i lo -j LOGDROP


        ## SSH
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $I -p tcp -m conntrack --ctstate NEW --dport 22 -j ACCEPT

        ## HTTPD
        #$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $I -p tcp -m conntrack --ctstate NEW --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
        #$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $I -p tcp -m conntrack --ctstate NEW --dport 443 -j ACCEPT

        ## OVPN
        #$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $I -p udp -m conntrack --ctstate NEW --dport 1194 -j ACCEPT

        ## MySQL
        #$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $I -p tcp -m conntrack --ctstate NEW --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT

        # Portscanner will be blocked for 15 minutes
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT  -m recent --name psc --update --seconds 900 -j LOGDROP

        # only use when ports not available from the internet
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT ! -i lo -m tcp -p tcp --dport 1433  -m recent --name psc --set -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT ! -i lo -m tcp -p tcp --dport 3306  -m recent --name psc --set -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT ! -i lo -m tcp -p tcp --dport 8086  -m recent --name psc --set -j LOGDROP
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT ! -i lo -m tcp -p tcp --dport 10000 -m recent --name psc --set -j LOGDROP

        ### drop ms specific WITHOUT LOGGING - because: else too much logging
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -p UDP -m conntrack --ctstate NEW --dport 137:139 -j DROP
        $IPTABLES -A INPUT -p UDP -m conntrack --ctstate NEW --dport 67:68 -j DROP

        # log packets to be dropped and drop them afterwards
        $IPTABLES -A LOGDROP -j LOG --log-level 4 --log-prefix "dropped:"

        echo "Done."

        echo -n "Stopping stateful paket inspection firewall... "
        /etc/init.d/fail2ban stop
        # flush
        $IPTABLES -F
        # delete
        $IPTABLES -X
        # set default to accept all incoming and outgoing traffic
        echo "Done."

        echo -n "Restarting stateful paket inspection firewall... "
        echo -n
        /etc/init.d/firewall stop
        /etc/init.d/firewall start
        /etc/init.d/fail2ban start

        $IPTABLES -L -vnx --line-numbers | \
        sed ''/Chain[[:space:]][[:graph:]]*/s//$(printf "\033[31;1m&\033[0m")/'' | \
        sed ''/^num.*/s//$(printf "\033[31m&\033[0m")/'' | \
        sed ''/[[:space:]]DROP/s//$(printf "\033[31m&\033[0m")/'' | \
        sed ''/REJECT/s//$(printf "\033[31m&\033[0m")/'' | \
        sed ''/ACCEPT/s//$(printf "\033[32m&\033[0m")/'' | \
        sed -r ''/\([ds]pt[s]\?:\)\([[:digit:]]\+\(:[[:digit:]]\+\)\?\)/s//$(printf "\\\1\033[35;1m\\\2\033[0m")/''| \
        sed -r ''/\([0-9]\{1,3\}\\.\)\{3\}[0-9]\{1,3\}\(\\/\([0-9]\)\{1,3\}\)\{0,1\}/s//$(printf "\033[37;1m&\033[0m")/g'' | \
        sed -r ''/\([^n][[:space:]]\)\(LOGDROP\)/s//$(printf "\\\1\033[1;31m\\\2\033[0m")/'' | \
        sed -r ''/[[:space:]]LOG[[:space:]]/s//$(printf "\033[36;1m&\033[0m")/''

        if [ -n "$2" ]
            then $(which watch) -n1 -d $IPTABLES -vnxL "$2" --line-numbers
            else $(which watch) -n1 -d $IPTABLES -vnxL --line-numbers; fi

        echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|monitor [<chain>]|restart}"
        exit 1


exit 0

The coloring at the status part when using firewall status is borked. It works, but its completely shit from what I know now. The '' were a single double-apostrophe, but I was not good enough with bash when I copy pasted it and tried to color the shell output. Some day I may fix it. Hopefully.


chmod u+x /usr/sbin/firewall
systemctl enable firewall
firewall start


This should suffice, just try it:

firewall start
firewall stop
firewall restart
firewall status
firewall monitor
systemd: custom init script from scratch.
posted on 2015-06-29 09:35:19

This suffices to start a custom script as a system service in the background as a non-root-user:

Description=My service. Change This! :)

ExecStart=<path to my application or shellscript, change me :)>


This is located at /etc/systemd/system/my-custom.service

Then system restart my-custom will work. Which is actually way easier than in the past. Also it happened to work better, out of the box. \ o /

systemd cheat sheet
posted on 2015-01-16 22:54:15

Used to start a service (not reboot persistent)
service <daemon> start               systemctl start <daemon>

Used to stop a service (not reboot persistent)
service <daemon> stop                systemctl stop <daemon>

Used to stop and then start a service
service <daemon> restart             systemctl restart <daemon>

When supported, reloads the config file without interrupting pending operations.
service <daemon> reload              systemctl reload <daemon>

Restarts if the service is already running.
service <daemon> condrestart         systemctl condrestart <daemon>

Tells whether a service is currently running.
service <daemon> status              systemctl status <daemon>

Used to list the services that can be started or stopped
Used to list all the services and other units
ls /etc/rc.d/init.d/                systemctl 
                                    systemctl list-unit-files --type=service
                                    ls /lib/systemd/system/*.service /etc/systemd/system/*.service

Turn the service on, for start at next boot, or other trigger.
chkconfig <daemon> on                systemctl enable <daemon>

Turn the service off for the next reboot, or any other trigger.
chkconfig <daemon> off               systemctl disable <daemon>

Used to check whether a service is configured to start or not in the current environment.
chkconfig <daemon>                   systemctl is-enabled <daemon>

Print a table of services that lists which runlevels each is configured on or off
chkconfig --list                    systemctl list-unit-files --type=service 
                                    ls /etc/systemd/system/*.wants/

Used to list what levels this service is configured on or off
chkconfig <daemon> --list            ls /etc/systemd/system/*.wants/<daemon>.service

Used when you create a new service file or modify any configuration
chkconfig <daemon> --add             systemctl daemon-reload

To be fair, this is just ripped from the fedora manual and I reformatted it a bit.

Another gem might be:

systemd-analyze blame

This will tell you the times the assorted programs needed during booting

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