Posts tagged qemu-img

proxmox: qemu-img convert

posted on 2016-06-11 10:33

In proxmox you sometimes want to convert images from one type to another.

available types

QCOW2 (KVM, Xen)    qcow2
QED   (KVM)         qed
raw                 raw
VDI   (VirtualBox)  vdi
VHD   (Hyper-V)     vpc
VMDK  (VMware)      vmdk
RBD   (ceph)        rbd

example

qemu-img convert -p -f raw -O qcow2 vm-100-disk-1.raw vm-100-disk-1.qcow2

-f is the first image format, -O the second. Look at the manpage to guess why -f is called -f.

-p shows the progress, which is really nice.

What about .ova images?

.ova is just a combined format:

0 root@ssg 12:13:25 /home/sjas/wrk/gns3 # file GNS3\ VM.ova 
GNS3 VM.ova: POSIX tar archive (GNU)
0 root@ssg 12:16:20 /home/sjas/wrk/gns3 # tar tf GNS3\ VM.ova 
GNS3 VM.ovf
GNS3 VM-disk1.vmdk
GNS3 VM-disk2.vmdk

So simply untar it and convert the diskfile(s):

tar xvf GNS3\ VM.ova

.ovf is the config file, vmdk's are disk images:

0 root@ssg 12:18:57 /home/sjas/wrk/gns3 # head -10 GNS3\ VM.ovf
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<Envelope ovf:version="1.0" xml:lang="en-US" xmlns="http://schemas.dmtf.org/ovf/envelope/1" xmlns:ovf="http://schemas.dmtf.org/ovf/envelope/1" xmlns:rasd="http://schemas.dmtf.org/wbem/wscim/1/cim-schema/2/CIM_ResourceAllocationSettingData" xmlns:vssd="http://schemas.dmtf.org/wbem/wscim/1/cim-schema/2/CIM_VirtualSystemSettingData" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:vbox="http://www.virtualbox.org/ovf/machine">
  <References>
    <File ovf:href="GNS3 VM-disk1.vmdk" ovf:id="file1"/>
    <File ovf:href="GNS3 VM-disk2.vmdk" ovf:id="file2"/>
  </References>
  <DiskSection>
    <Info>List of the virtual disks used in the package</Info>
    <Disk ovf:capacity="20971520000" ovf:diskId="vmdisk1" ovf:fileRef="file1" ovf:format="http://www.vmware.com/interfaces/specifications/vmdk.html#streamOptimized" vbox:uuid="ef66f138-bc76-4bcf-a57a-c9dc3f5aad10"/>
    <Disk ovf:capacity="104857600000" ovf:diskId="vmdisk2" ovf:fileRef="file2" ovf:format="http://www.vmware.com/interfaces/specifications/vmdk.html#streamOptimized" vbox:uuid="1e01a454-630d-452a-bb1f-1e784ab57d7b"/>
0 root@ssg 12:19:06 /home/sjas/wrk/gns3 #

Newer qemu version can run .vmdk's directly, but .qcow2 FTW, so here we go:

0 root@ssg 12:20:52 /home/sjas/wrk/gns3 # qemu-img convert -p -f vmdk -O qcow2 GNS3\ VM-disk1.vmdk GNS3\ VM-disk1.qcow2; qemu-img convert -p -f vmdk -O qcow2 GNS3\ VM-disk2.vmdk GNS3\ VM-disk2.qcow2
    (100.00/100%)
    (100.00/100%)
0 root@ssg 12:23:35 /home/sjas/wrk/gns3 #

To show which formats your qemu version supports:

qemu-img -h | grep formats

Most of this came into existence when I needed to refamliarize myself with libvirt again, which may be handled by another post eventually. For now the images will do and we are almost finished here.

Last mention is, virt-convert should be able to do above things in single step plus convert the .ovf to libvirt format, too.

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