Posts tagged fail2ban

RHEL 6 Fail2Ban fix

posted on 2015-02-04 17:51:22

When using fail2ban, installing it via yum is easy.

Sad part is, even though the install is done, it won't be of much help. This is due to the regular expressions defined in /etc/fail2ban/filter.d/sshd.conf, which will not match current entries in /var/log/secure/.


Testing this is rather easy:

fail2ban-regex /var/log/secure /etc/fail2ban/filter.d/sshd.conf

The output should look like this:

Running tests

Use   failregex file : /etc/fail2ban/filter.d/sshd.conf
Use         log file : /var/log/secure


Failregex: 16972 total
|-  #) [# of hits] regular expression
|  13) [16972] ^.*authentication failure[s]?; logname=.* uid=.* euid=.* tty=.* ruser=.* rhost=<HOST>  user=.*\s*$

Ignoreregex: 0 total

Date template hits:
|- [# of hits] date format
|  [36248] MONTH Day Hour:Minute:Second

Lines: 36248 lines, 0 ignored, 16972 matched, 19276 missed
Missed line(s): too many to print.  Use --print-all-missed to print all 19276 lines

If there are no 'matched' entries, the regex is likely to fail.

Instead of passing the filterfile as second arguement, matching strings as regexes also works. For furter info google the fail2ban manual.


Adding this fixed the issue for me:

^.*authentication failure[s]?; logname=.* uid=.* euid=.* tty=.* ruser=.* rhost=<HOST>  user=.*\s*$

Afterwards issueing iptables -L -vnx will show that the Chain fail2ban-SSH gets populated rather fast.

Unban IP from Fail2Ban

posted on 2014-11-07 12:26:50

If you want to remove an IP from the fail2ban ban list, i.e. the second one in this excerpt:

(Output of iptables -L -n)


Chain fail2ban-ssh (1 references)
target     prot opt source               destination         
DROP       all  --             
DROP       all  --            
RETURN     all  --             

First do a fail2ban-client status to determine the jailname fail2ban uses:

|- Number of jail:  1
`- Jail list:   ssh-iptables

It's ssh-iptables here.

Now simply unban the ip:

fail2ban-client set ssh-iptables unbanip

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